Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy
Alex Pfaff is a Professor of Public Policy, Economics and Environment. Trained as an economist, he is focused on how the environment and natural resources, economic development, and a range of policies influence each other. Research accessible at AlexPfaff.comHe has studied: impacts on forests of protected areas, incentives, roads, railroads and concessions/certification (Brazil’s Amazon, Costa Rica, United States, Panama, Madagascar, Mexico, Peru, Cameroon, Bolivia); institutional responses to water shocks (Brazil’s Northeast, Colombia, Mexico); drivers of harmful exposures (groundwater arsenic in Bangladesh, stove emissions in China & Pakistan); and incentives for firms to self-audit and disclose (United States). This applied research aims to increase the chance that policies have their intended impacts upon not only the environment but also the people affected.
- Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1995
- B.A., Yale University 1988
Pfaff, A, Robalino, J, Reis, EJ, Walker, R, Perz, S, Laurance, W, Bohrer, C, Aldrich, S, Arima, E, Caldas, M, and Kirby, K. "Roads & SDGs, tradeoffs and synergies: Learning from Brazil’s Amazon in distinguishing frontiers." Economics 12 (March 5, 2018). Full Text
Tesfaw, AT, Pfaff, A, Golden Kroner, RE, Qin, S, Medeiros, R, and Mascia, MB. "Land-use and land-cover change shape the sustainability and impacts of protected areas." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115, no. 9 (February 12, 2018): 2084-2089. Full Text
Kaczan, D, Pfaff, A, Rodriguez, L, and Shapiro-Garza, E. "Increasing the impact of collective incentives in payments for ecosystem services." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 86 (November 2017): 48-67. Full Text Open Access Copy
Herrera, D, Ellis, A, Fisher, B, Golden, CD, Johnson, K, Mulligan, M, Pfaff, A, Treuer, T, and Ricketts, TH. "Upstream watershed condition predicts rural children's health across 35 developing countries." Nature communications 8, no. 1 (October 9, 2017): 811-. Full Text
Alpízar, F, Nordén, A, Pfaff, A, and Robalino, J. "Unintended Effects of Targeting an Environmental Rebate." Environmental and Resource Economics 67, no. 1 (May 2017): 181-202. Full Text
Alpízar, F, Nordén, A, Pfaff, A, and Robalino, J. "Spillovers from targeting of incentives: Exploring responses to being excluded." Journal of Economic Psychology 59 (April 2017): 87-98. Full Text
Pfaff, A, Santiago-Ávila, F, and Joppa, L. "Evolving Protected-Area Impacts in Mexico: Political Shifts as Suggested by Impact Evaluations." Forests 8, no. 1 (January 2017): 17-17. Full Text
Pfaff, A, Schoenfeld, A, Ahmed, KM, and van Geen, A. "Reduction in exposure to arsenic from drinking well-water in Bangladesh limited by insufficient testing and awareness." Journal of water, sanitation, and hygiene for development : a journal of the International Water Association 7, no. 2 (January 2017): 331-339. Full Text
Mandle, L, Bryant, BP, Ruckelshaus, M, Geneletti, D, Kiesecker, JM, and Pfaff, A. "Entry Points for Considering Ecosystem Services within Infrastructure Planning: How to Integrate Conservation with Development in Order to Aid Them Both." Conservation Letters 9, no. 3 (May 2016): 221-227. Full Text
Pfaff, A, Amacher, GS, Sills, EO, Coren, MJ, Streck, C, and Lawlor, K. "Deforestation and Forest Degradation: Concerns, Causes, Policies, and Their Impacts." In Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, 144-149. January 1, 2013. Full Text
Robalino, J, Pfaff, A, and Villalobos, L. "Assessing the impact of institutional design of payments for environmental services: The costa rican experience." In Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry: Measurement and Payment, 305-318. January 1, 2012. Full Text
Pfaff, A, and Robalino, J. "Human choices and policies' impacts on ecosystem services: Improving evaluations of payment and park effects on conservation and carbon." In Avoided Deforestation: Prospects for Mitigating Climate Change, 192-207. April 2, 2009. Full Text
Robalino, JA, Pfaff, A, and Sanchez-Azofeifa, A. "Estimating spatial interactions in deforestation decisions." In Biodiversity Economics, 92-114. January 1, 2007. Full Text
Kerr, S, Liu, S, Pfaff, A, and Hughes, F. Carbon Dynamics and Land-use Choices: Building a Regional-scale Multidisciplinary Model. September 3, 2003.
Kerr, S, Hendy, J, Liu, S, and Pfaff, A. Tropical Forest Protection, Uncertainty, and the Environmental Integrity of Carbon Mitigation Policies..
Robalino, J, Pfaff, A, and Villalobos, L. Deforestation spillovers from Costa Rican protected areas..
Chen, Y, van Geen, A, Graziano, J, Pfaff, A, Cheng, Z, Slavkovich, V, Islam, T, Parvez, F, and Ahsan, H. "The Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Community-Based Mitigation Program in Reducing Arsenic Exposure in Araihazar, Bangladesh." June 1, 2006. Full Text
van Geen, A, Trevisani, M, Immel, J, Gelman, A, Schoenfeld, A, Pfaff, A, and Ahmed, KM. "Targeting low-arsenic aquifers for the installation of community wells in Bangladesh." March 26, 2006.
Sustainable Landscapes and Forest Enterprise Cluster Program in Brazil awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2020
Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED2) awarded by Columbia University (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2015
Forest Impacts of Certification awarded by World Wildlife Fund (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015
Conservation Policy Impacts in Tropical Dry Forest awarded by Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2011
LBA Book Project awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2010