William A. Darity

Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina. Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment. He was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College. He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the new edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013). His most recent books are Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson) and a volume co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande titled Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) both published by Routledge. He has published or edited 12 books and published more than 210 articles in professional journals. Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Akee, R, Stockly, SK, Darity, W, Hamilton, D, and Ong, P. "The role of race, ethnicity and tribal enrolment on asset accumulation: an examination of American Indian tribal nations." Ethnic and Racial Studies 40, no. 11 (September 2, 2017): 1939-1960. Full Text

Hamilton, D, and Darity, WA. "The Political Economy of Education, Financial Literacy, and the Racial Wealth Gap." Review 99, no. 1 (2017): 59-76. Full Text

Zhang, L, Sharpe, RV, Li, S, and Darity, WA. "Wage differentials between urban and rural-urban migrant workers in China." China Economic Review 41 (December 2016): 222-233. Full Text

Ramraj, C, Shahidi, FV, Darity, W, Kawachi, I, Zuberi, D, and Siddiqi, A. "Equally inequitable? A cross-national comparative study of racial health inequalities in the United States and Canada." Social science & medicine (1982) 161 (July 2016): 19-26. Full Text

Utley, TJ, and Darity, W. "India’s Color Complex: One Day’s Worth of Matrimonials." The Review of Black Political Economy 43, no. 2 (June 2016): 129-138. Full Text

Zaw, K, Hamilton, D, and Darity, W. "Race, Wealth and Incarceration: Results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth." Race and Social Problems 8, no. 1 (March 2016): 103-115. Full Text

Meschede, T, Hamilton, D, Muñoz, AP, Jackson, R, and Darity, W. "Inequality in the “Cradle of Liberty”: Race/Ethnicity and Wealth in Greater Boston." Race and Social Problems 8, no. 1 (March 2016): 18-28. Full Text

Diette, TM, Goldsmith, AH, Hamilton, D, and Darity, W. "Skin Shade Stratification and the Psychological Cost of Unemployment: Is there a Gradient for Black Females?." The Review of Black Political Economy 42, no. 1-2 (June 2015): 155-177. Full Text

Darity, WA, Hamilton, D, and Stewart, JB. "A Tour de Force in Understanding Intergroup Inequality: An Introduction to Stratification Economics." The Review of Black Political Economy 42, no. 1-2 (June 2015): 1-6. Full Text


Cottom, TM, and Darity, W. For-Profit Universities The Shifting Landscape of Marketized Higher Education. Springer, April 3, 2017. (Edited Book)

Sharpe, RV, Stokes, S, and Darity, WA. "Who attends for-profit institutions?: The enrollment landscape." In For-Profit Universities: The Shifting Landscape of Marketized Higher Education, 119-157. April 3, 2017. Full Text

Darity, W. "The simple analytics of aggregate demand price and aggregate supply price analysis." In Inflation and Income Distribution in Capitalist Crisis: Essays in Memory of Sidney Weintraub, 9-24. January 6, 2016. Full Text

Carter, TA, Shields, TL, and Darity, W. "Introduction." 3-22. January 1, 2015.

Darity, W. "Eric Williams and color: Stratification in the Caribbean." In The Legacy of Eric Williams: Into the Postcolonial Moment, 109-125. January 1, 2015.

Hamilton, D, and Darity, WA. "Crowded out? The racial composition of American occupations." In Researching Black Communities: A Methodological Guide, 60-78. January 1, 2012.

Hamilton, D, and Darity, WA. "Crowded out? The racial composition of American occupations." In Project Muse 4, 60-78. DUMMY PUBID, 2012.

Myers, SL, Darity, WA, and Marsh, K. "The effects of housing market discrimination on earnings inequality." In The Integration Debate: Competing Futures for American Cities, 119-129. July 8, 2009. Full Text

Darity, WA, and Jolla, A. "Desegregated schools with segregated education." In The Integration Debate: Competing Futures for American Cities, 99-117. July 8, 2009. Full Text

Darity, WA. "African American reparations, Keynes, and the transfer problem." In Keynes for the Twenty-First Century: The Continuing Relevance of The General Theory, 199-206. March 31, 2008. Full Text

Darity, WA, and Mason, PL. "Evidence on discrimination in employment: Codes of color, codes of gender." In The African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present, 156-186. March 17, 2004. Full Text

Selected Grants

Religion, Spirituality and CVD Risks: A Focus on African Americans awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2022

Faculty Diversity in Economics 2 awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2019

AFN Brief: Women and Business Ownership awarded by Asset Funders Network (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

Collaborative Research: Identity, Stereotypes and Black College Student Success awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2018

A New Research Program on Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Self-Employment awarded by JPMorgan Chase Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

Stratification Economics and a Gendered Analysis Around Closing the Wealth Gap awarded by Nathan Cummings Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

National Asset Scorecard for Communities of Color, Phase V awarded by Ford Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

The Research Institute for Scholars of Equity (RISE) awarded by North Carolina Central University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

DC Convening awarded by Institute of International Education (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017