Daniel Yi Xu

Daniel Yi Xu

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
220 Social Sciences Bldg, Box 90097, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90097, Durham, NC 27708

Professor Yi (Daniel) Xu’s research focuses on Productivity, International Trade, and Industrial Organization. He has received numerous grants from the National Science Foundation, the Private Enterprise Development in Low-Income Countries, and the NET Institute. His most recent work has been published in the American Economic Review, Management Science, the Review of Economic Studies, the Rand Journal of Economics, the Review of Economic Dynamics, and the World Bank Economic Review. He is currently working on projects that explore innovation, productivity, exporting and industry dynamics, with a special focus on emerging economies such as China, Colombia, Taiwan, Korea, and Turkey.


  • Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University 2007

Hu, M. M., S. Yang, and D. Y. Xu. “Understanding the social learning effect in contagious switching behavior.” Management Science 65, no. 10 (October 1, 2019): 4771–94. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2018.3173. Full Text Open Access Copy

Roberts, M. J., D. Y. Xu, X. Fan, and S. Zhang. “The role of firm factors in demand, cost, and export market selection for chinese footwear producers.” Review of Economic Studies 85, no. 4 (October 1, 2018): 2429–61. https://doi.org/10.1093/restud/rdx066. Full Text

Fieler, A. C., M. Eslava, and D. Y. Xu. “Trade, quality upgrading, and input linkages: Theory and evidence from Colombia.” American Economic Review 108, no. 1 (January 1, 2018): 109–46. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20150796. Full Text

Eslava, M., A. C. Fieler, and D. Y. Xu. “(Indirect) input linkages.” American Economic Review 105, no. 5 (January 1, 2015): 662–66. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20151122. Full Text

Edmond, C., V. Midrigan, and D. Y. Xu. “Competition, markups, and the gains from international trade.” American Economic Review 105, no. 10 (January 1, 2015): 3183–3221. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20120549. Full Text

Midrigan, V., and D. Y. Xu. “Finance and misallocation: Evidence from plant-level data.” American Economic Review 104, no. 2 (February 1, 2014): 422–58. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.104.2.422. Full Text

Dunne, T., S. D. Klimek, M. J. Roberts, and D. Y. Xu. “Entry, exit, and the determinants of market structure.” Rand Journal of Economics 44, no. 3 (September 1, 2013): 462–87. https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-2171.12027. Full Text

Lederman, D., A. Rodríguez-Clare, and D. Y. Xu. “Entrepreneurship and the extensive margin in export growth: A microeconomic accounting of Costa Rica's export growth during 1997-2007.” World Bank Economic Review 25, no. 3 (December 1, 2011): 543–61. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhr031. Full Text

Aw, B. Y., M. J. Roberts, and D. Y. Xu. “R&D investment, exporting, and productivity dynamics.” American Economic Review 101, no. 4 (June 1, 2011): 1312–44. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.101.4.1312. Full Text


Chen, Zhao, Zhikuo Liu, Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato, and Daniel Yi Xu. “Notching R&D Investment with Corporate Income Tax Cuts in China,” June 2018.

Roberts, Mark, Daniel Yi Xu, Xiaoyan Fan, and Shengxing Zhang. “The Role of Firm Factors in Demand, Cost, and Export Market Selection for Chinese Footwear Producers.” National Bureau of Economic Research, n.d. https://doi.org/10.3386/w17725. Full Text

Xu, D. Y., V. Narayan, S. Yang, and R. Winer. “Structural Analysis of Buyer Expenditure and Seller Entry in Two-Sided Exchange Networks,” n.d.

Selected Grants

Excellence in Research: The impact of online comparison websites on the remittance industry awarded by Spelman College (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Fiscal Incentives and Firm Growth awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

Collaborative Research: International Buyer-Seller Matches awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017

Collaborative Research: Measurement and Modeling Changes in the Quality and Production of Chinese Exports awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014