Gale Allen Boyd

Gale Allen Boyd

Associate Research Professor of Economics

External Address: 
261 Gross Hall, Box 90989, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-6892

Gale Boyd is an Associate Research Professor in the Social Science Research Institute & Department of Economics. He was the Director of the Triangle Federal Statistical Research Data Center from 2006-2020.  Prior to joining Duke University, Gale was an economist at Argonne National Laboratory. His career has been primarily in area of industrial energy/environmental economics. 

His recent work includes using the non-public Census micro-data and other non-pubic data from industry and trade associations on energy, environmental, and productivity related issues for industrial energy efficiency and related energy/environmental policy research. His research includes preparing statistical benchmarks of energy performance in manufacturing plants, or Energy Performance Indicators (EPI), is supported by the EPA ENERGY STAR program and is used by industry for energy management and public recognition from ENERGY STAR.  Studies of the implications of management practices and environmental policy on industry energy efficiency and total factor productivity are in progress.


  • Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 1984

Dutrow, E., G. Boyd, E. Worrell, and L. Dodendorf. “Shifting energy performance in U.S. cement production.” Ieee Cement Industry Technical Conference (Paper), June 29, 2010. Full Text

Dutrow, Elizabeth, Gale Boyd, Ernst Worrell, and Lew Dodendorf. “Engaging the U.S. Cement Industry to Improve Energy Performance.” Cement World, December 2009.

Boyd, G. A. “Benchmarking Weather Sensitive Plant Level Manufacturing Energy Use.” Int. J. Global Energy Issues 32, no. 1/2 (March 2009): 4–18.

Boyd, G. “Benchmarking weather sensitive plant level manufacturing energy use.” International Journal of Global Energy Issues 32, no. 1–2 (January 1, 2009): 4–18. Full Text

Boyd, G., E. Dutrow, and W. Tunnessen. “The evolution of the ENERGY STAR® energy performance indicator for benchmarking industrial plant manufacturing energy use.” Journal of Cleaner Production 16, no. 6 (April 1, 2008): 709–15. Full Text

Boyd, G., E. Dutrow, and W. Tunnesen. “The Evolution of the Energy Star Industrial Energy Performance Indicator for Benchmarking Plant Level Manufacturing Energy Use.” Journal of Cleaner Production, Invited Paper for the Special Issue Pollution Prevention and Cleaner Production in the United States of America 16, no. 6 (April 2008): 709–15.

Tunnessen, W., G. A. Boyd, and G. Weed. “ENERGY STAR industrial focus for pulp and paper mills PPIC 2007 panel.” Ieee Conference Record of Annual Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Conference, December 1, 2007, 209–19. Full Text

Greening, L. A., G. Boyd, and J. M. Roop. “Modeling of industrial energy consumption: An introduction and context.” Energy Economics 29, no. 4 (July 1, 2007): 599–608. Full Text


Selected Grants

Energy Efficiency in North American Manufacturing - Phase 2 awarded by Natural Resources Canada (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Energy Efficiency in North American Manufacturing awarded by Natural Resources Canada (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016

Energy Star: Building Energy Efficiency in the U.S. Industrial Sector awarded by ICF, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2016