Gale Allen Boyd

Gale Allen Boyd

Associate Research Professor of Economics

External Address: 
261 Gross Hall, Box 90989, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-6892

Gale Boyd is an Associate Research Professor in the Social Science Research Institute & Department of Economics. He was the Director of the Triangle Federal Statistical Research Data Center from 2006-2020.  Prior to joining Duke University, Gale was an economist at Argonne National Laboratory. His career has been primarily in area of industrial energy/environmental economics. 

His recent work includes using the non-public Census micro-data and other non-pubic data from industry and trade associations on energy, environmental, and productivity related issues for industrial energy efficiency and related energy/environmental policy research. His research includes preparing statistical benchmarks of energy performance in manufacturing plants, or Energy Performance Indicators (EPI), is supported by the EPA ENERGY STAR program and is used by industry for energy management and public recognition from ENERGY STAR.  Studies of the implications of management practices and environmental policy on industry energy efficiency and total factor productivity are in progress.


  • Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 1984

Boyd, G. A. “Measuring plant level energy efficiency when production activities are not homogeneous: The ENERGY STAR energy performance indicator.” Proceedings Aceee Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, December 1, 2005.

Dutrow, E., and G. A. Boyd. “Motivating industrial energy efficiency through performance-based indicators.” Proceedings Aceee Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, December 1, 2005.

Conzelmann, G., G. Boyd, V. Koritarov, and T. Veselka. “Multi-agent power market simulation using EMCAS.” 2005 Ieee Power Engineering Society General Meeting 3 (October 31, 2005): 2829–34.

Worrell, E., S. Ramesohl, and G. Boyd. “Advances in energy forecasting models based on engineering economics.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 29 (December 27, 2004): 345–81. Full Text

Boyd, GA, Tolley, G, and Pang, J. "Plant level productivity, efficiency, and environmental performance of the container glass industry." Environmental and Resource Economics 23, no. 1 (September 1, 2002): 29-43. Full Text

Boyd, G. A., J. C. Molburg, and J. D. Cavallo. “Estimates of Learning by Doing in Gas Turbine Electric Power Systems.” Energy Studies Review 10, no. 2 (2002): 85–99.

Boyd, G. “A probit model of energy efficiency technology decision making.” Proceedings Aceee Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry 1 (December 1, 2001): 521–33.