Gale Allen Boyd

Gale Allen Boyd

Associate Research Professor of Economics

External Address: 
261 Gross Hall, Box 90989, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-6892

Gale Boyd is an Associate Research Professor in the Social Science Research Institute & Department of Economics. He was the Director of the Triangle Federal Statistical Research Data Center from 2006-2020.  Prior to joining Duke University, Gale was an economist at Argonne National Laboratory. His career has been primarily in area of industrial energy/environmental economics. 

His recent work includes using the non-public Census micro-data and other non-pubic data from industry and trade associations on energy, environmental, and productivity related issues for industrial energy efficiency and related energy/environmental policy research. His research includes preparing statistical benchmarks of energy performance in manufacturing plants, or Energy Performance Indicators (EPI), is supported by the EPA ENERGY STAR program and is used by industry for energy management and public recognition from ENERGY STAR.  Studies of the implications of management practices and environmental policy on industry energy efficiency and total factor productivity are in progress.


  • Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 1984

Streets, D. G., C. N. Bloyd, G. A. Boyd, D. J. Santini, and T. D. Veselka. “Climate change and US energy policy.” Energy 16, no. 11–12 (January 1, 1991): 1437–66. Full Text

Boyd, G., J. Fox, and D. Hanson. “An integrated acid precipitation policy and energy market model.” Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference 4 (December 1, 1990): 450–55.

Boyd, G., J. Fox, and D. Hanson. “3.4. Set of models.” Energy 15, no. 3–4 (January 1, 1990): 345–62. Full Text

Boyd, G. A., D. A. Hanson, and T. Sterner. “Decomposition of changes in energy intensity. A comparison of the Divisia index and other methods.” Energy Economics 10, no. 4 (January 1, 1988): 309–12. Full Text

Boyd, G. A. “Factor intensity and site geology as determinants of returns to scale in coal mining.Review of Economics &Amp; Statistics 69, no. 1 (January 1, 1987): 18–23. Full Text Open Access Copy

Boyd, G., J. F. McDonald, M. Ross, and D. A. Hanson. “Separating the Changing Composition of U.S. Manufacturing Production from Energy Efficiency Improvements: A Divisia Index Approach.” The Energy Journal 8, no. 2 (1987): 77–96.