Philip J. Cook
Professor Emeritus of Economics
Philip J. Cook is ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics and Sociology at Duke University. He served as director and chair of Duke’s Sanford Institute of Public Policy from 1985-89, and again from 1997-99. Cook is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and an honorary Fellow in the American Society of Criminology. In 2001 he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.
Cook joined the Duke faculty in 1973 after earning his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. He has served as consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (Criminal Division) and to the U.S. Department of Treasury (Enforcement Division). He has served in a variety of capacities with the National Academy of Sciences, including membership on expert panels dealing with alcohol-abuse prevention, violence, school shootings, underage drinking, the deterrent effect of the death penalty, and proactive policing. He served as vice chair of the National Research Council’s Committee on Law and Justice.
Cook's primary focus at the moment is the economics of crime. He is co-director of the NBER Work Group on the Economics of Crime, and co-editor of a NBER volume on crime prevention. Much of his recent research has dealt with the private role in crime prevention. He also has several projects under way in the area of truancy prevention.
Over much of his career, one strand of Cook’s research concerns the prevention of alcohol-related problems through restrictions on alcohol availability. An early article was the first to demonstrate persuasively that alcohol taxes have a direct effect on the death rate of heavy drinkers, and subsequent research demonstrated the moderate efficacy of minimum-purchase-age laws in preventing fatal crashes. Together with Michael J. Moore, he focused on the effects of beer taxes on youthful drinking and the consequences thereof, finding that more restrictive policies result in lower rates of abuse, higher college graduation rates and lower crime rates. His book on the subject is Paying the Tab: The Costs and Benefits of Alcohol Control, (Princeton University Press, 2007; 2016 in paper).
A second strand has concerned the costs and consequences of the widespread availability of guns, and what might be done about it. His book (with Jens Ludwig), Gun Violence: The Real Costs (Oxford University Press, 2000), develops and applies a framework for assessing costs that is grounded in economic theory and is quite at odds with the traditional “Cost of Injury” framework. His new book with Kristin A. Goss, The Gun Debate (Oxford University Press 2014) is intended for a general audience seeking an objective assessment of the myriad relevant issues. He is currently heading up a multi-city investigation of the underground gun market, one product of which is a symposium to be published by the RSF Journal in 2017.
Cook has also co-authored two other books: with Charles Clotfelter on state lotteries (Selling Hope: State Lotteries in America, Harvard University Press, 1989), and with Robert H. Frank on the causes and consequences of the growing inequality of earnings (The Winner-Take-All Society, The Free Press, 1995). The Winner-Take-All Society was named a “Notable Book of the Year, 1995” by the New York Times Book Review. It has been translated into Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Polish, and Korean.
- Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley 1973
- Journal Articles
- Book Reviews
- Book Sections
- Scholarly Editions
- Journal Issues
- Conference Papers
- Digital Publications
Cook, PJ. "Expanding the Public Health Approach to Gun Violence Prevention." Annals of Internal Medicine 169, no. 10 (November 2018): 723-724. Full Text
Braga AA, , and Cook PJ, . "The association of firearm caliber with likelihood of death from gunshot injury in criminal assaults." Jama Network Open 1, no. 3 (July 27, 2018): e180833-null. Full Text
Smucker, S, Kerber, RE, and Cook, PJ. "Suicide and Additional Homicides Associated with Intimate Partner Homicide: North Carolina 2004-2013." Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 95, no. 3 (June 2018): 337-343. Full Text
Cook, PJ. "Challenge of Firearms Control in a Free Society." Criminology & Public Policy 17, no. 2 (May 2018): 437-451. Full Text
Cook, PJ, and Kang, S. "The School-Entry-Age Rule Affects Redshirting Patterns and Resulting Disparities in Achievement." (April 2018).
Krawiec, K, and Cook, P. "If We Pay Football Players, Why Not Kidney Donors?." Regulation 41 (2018): 12-17.
Sorensen, LC, Cook, PJ, and Dodge, KA. "From Parents to Peers: Trajectories in Sources of Academic Influence Grades 4 to 8." Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 39, no. 4 (December 2017): 697-711. Full Text
Cook, PJ, and Goss, KA. The Gun Debate: What Everyone Needs to Know.: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Cook, PJ, Machin, S, Marie, O, and Mastrobuoni, G. Lessons from the Economics of Crime: What Reduces Offending?.: MIT Press, 2013.
Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs. Edited by Cook, PJ, Ludwig, J and McCrary, J. Chicago,: University of Chicago Press, 2011.
Frank, RH, and Cook, PJ. The Winner-Take-All Society.: Virgin Books, 2010.
Cook, PJ. Paying the Tab: The Economics of Alcohol Policy.: Princeton University Press, 2007.
Evaluating Gun Policy. Edited by Ludwig, J and Cook, PJ. Washington, DC,: Brookings Institution Press, 2003.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. Guns in America results of a comprehensive national survey on firearms ownership and use. Washington, DC,: The Police Foundation, January 1996.
Cook, PJ. "The Economics of Crime: An introduction to rational crime analysis by Harold Winter." Journal of Economic Literature 47 (September 2009).
Cook, PJ. "The Demand for Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana: International Evidence by S. Selvanathan and E.A. Selvanathan." Addiction 102 (2007): 830-830.
Cook, PJ. "Can Gun Control Work? by James B. Jacobs." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23 (1), no. Winter (2004): 198-201.
Cook, PJ. "Drug War Heresies by Robert J. MacCoun and Peter Reuter." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 21 (2), no. Spring (2002): 303-306.
Cook, PJ. "What Price Fame? by Tyler Cowen." Journal of Economic Literature (September 2001): 933-935.
Cook, PJ. "Cost-Benefit Analysis of Heroin Maintenance Treatment by Felix Gutzwiller and Thomas Steffen." Addiction 96 (2001): 1071-1072.
Cook, PJ. "Reducing Firearm Injury and Death: A public health sourcebook on guns by Trudy Ann Karlson and Stephen W. Hargarten." The New England Journal of Medicine (February 5, 1998).
Cook, PJ. "Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America by Gary Kleck." The New England Journal of Medicine (February 3, 1994).
Cook, PJ. "Smoking Policy: Law Politics and Culture, Robert L. Rabin and Stephen D. Sugarman, eds." Science 262 (December 10, 1993).
Cook, PJ. "Confronting Drunk Driving: Social Policy for Saving Lives by H. Lawrence Ross." Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 18 (1), no. Spring (1993): 235-237.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "Elusive Facts About Guns Violence: Where Good Surveys Go Bad.". May 19, 2014.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "The limited impact of the brady act: Evaluation and implications." In Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, 21-32. January 1, 2013.
Swanson, JW, Robertson, AG, Frisman, LK, Norko, MA, Lin, HJ, Swartz, MS, and Cook, PJ. "Preventing gun violence involving people with serious mental illness." In Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, 33-51. January 1, 2013.
Cook, PJ, Machin, S, Marie, O, and Mastrobuoni, G. "Crime economics in its fifth decade." In Lessons from the Economics of Crime: What Reduces Offending?. Cambridge, MA,: MIT Press, 2013. (Chapter)
Clotfelter, CT, and Cook, PJ. "Lotteries in the Real World." In The Economics Of Gambling And National Lotteries,edited by Williams, LV.: Edgar Elgar Publishers, 2012. (Chapter)
Cook, PJ, and Clotfelter, CT. "The Gambler's Fallacy in Lottery Play." In The Economics Of Gambling And National Lotteries,edited by Williams, LV.: Edgar Elgar Publishers, 2012. (Chapter)
Cook, PJ, Dodge, K, Farkas, G, Fryer, RG, Guryan, J, Ludwig, J, Mayer, SE, Pollack, HA, and Steinberg, L. The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago. January 2014.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. Economical Crime Control. November 2010.
Cook, PJ, and MacDonald, J. Public Safety Through Private Action: An Economic Assessment of Bids, Locks, and Citizen Cooperation. April 2010.
Cook, PJ, Ludwig, J, and Samaha, AM. Gun Control after Heller: Litigating Against Regulation. October 2009.
Cook, PJ. Assessing Urban Crime and its Control: An Overview. February 2008.
Cook, PJ, and Peters, BL. The Myth of the Drinker's Bonus. December 2005.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. Assigning Deviant Youths to Minimize Total Harm. June 2005.
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. The Effects of Gun Prevalence on Burglary: Deterrence vs Inducement. May 2002.
Cook, PJ, and Laub, JH. After the Epidemic: Recent Trends in Youth Violence in the United States. January 2002. Full Text
Cook, PJ, and Moore, MJ. Alcohol. January 1999.
"Kids, Guns, and Public Policy." Edited by Cook, PJ. Law and Contemporary Problems : a Quarterly Published by the Duke University, School of Law 59, no. 1 (1996). (Journal Issue)
"Vice." Edited by Cook, PJ. Law and Contemporary Problems : a Quarterly Published by the Duke University, School of Law (1988). (Journal Issue)
"Valuing Lives: When and How Should Society Spend its Scarce Resources to Decrease Mortality." Edited by Cook, PJ and Vaupel, JW. Law and Contemporary Problems (1976). (Journal Issue)
Cook, PJ, and Leitzel, JA. "Gun Control.".
Cook, PJ, Machin, S, Marie, O, and Mastrobuoni, G. "Crime Economics in Its Fifth Decade." Workshop on Lessons from the Economics of Crime - What Works in Reducing Offending. CESifo, Venice, ITALY. July 22, 2011 - July 23, 2011.: MIT PRESS, January 1, 2013.
., . "Explaining the growth in the prison population.": Wiley: 24 months, February 2009.
Cook, PJ. "Crime: Crime in the city." January 5, 2009.
Cook, PJ. "The Social Costs of Drinking." The Expert Meeting on the Negative Social Consequences of Alcohol Abuse. Oslo, Norway,: Norewegian Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, 1991.
Cook, PJ. "Discussion (on Martin Bailey's paper on Safety Decisions and Insurance)." May 1978.
Clotfelter, C, Cook, and Philip J., . State Lotteries at the Turn of the Century: Report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission. June 1, 1999. Open Access Copy
Cook, PJ, and Scharff, AS. Recommendations Concerning Administration and Rate Structure for Excise Taxation in Romania. August 1994.
Cook, PJ. The Effect of Gun Availability on Violent Crime Patterns.: USGPO, May 1982.
Cook, PJ, and Kang, S. "Birthdays, Schooling, and Crime: New Evidence on the Dropout-Crime Nexus." (February 2013). Open Access Copy
Cook, PJ. "How we can reduce gun violence?." Chronicle of Higher Education (January 8, 2013). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ. "Gun Point." Times of India Education Times (December 24, 2012). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ. "Craig Whitney's Living With Guns." New York Times (August 26, 2012). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ. "Commentary: Evidence from a high-income country." Addiction (2012). (Scholarly Commentary)
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "More prisoners vs. more crime is the wrong question." Brookings Policy Brief (December 2011). (Scholarly Commentary)
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "How to cut gun death toll." Cnn.Com (January 12, 2011). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "Five myths about gun control." Washington Post (June 13, 2010). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ, and Ludwig, J. "Will wider availability of guns improve public safety? No." Cq Researcher (October 31, 2008). (Editorial Comment)
Cook, PJ. "OpEd." The News & Observer (Raleigh) (March 1, 2007). (Editorial Comment)
Crime Gun Theft awarded by Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016
Truancy Prevention Project awarded by Department of Education (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2016
Visiting Scholar Russell Sage Foundation awarded by Russell Sage Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015
(95-1044) Effects of Policy Changes on Pregnancy Outcomes awarded by National Institute for Child Health & Human Develo (Co-Principal Investigator). 1996 to 1998
(93-0431) The Development of Demand for Intoxicating Substances awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1993 to 1994
(94-0813) The Development of Demand for Intoxicating Substances awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1993 to 1994
(93-0654) Causes and Effects of Youthful Drinking awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1992 to 1994
(91-0842) Causes and Consequences of Youthful Drinking awarded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism (Principal Investigator). 1992 to 1993
(88-0363) Graduate Fellowship Support Under the Education for the Public Service Program of the Higher Education Act of awarded by Department of Education (Principal Investigator). 1988 to 1989
(88-0016) Graduate Fellowship Support awarded by Department of Education (Principal Investigator). 1987 to 1988