Philip J. Cook

Philip J. Cook

Professor Emeritus of Economics

External Address: 
218 Rubenstein Hall, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7360

Philip J. Cook is ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics and Sociology at Duke University. He served as director and chair of Duke’s Sanford Institute of Public Policy from 1985-89, and again from 1997-99. Cook is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and an honorary Fellow in the American Society of Criminology. In 2001 he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Cook joined the Duke faculty in 1973 after earning his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. He has served as consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (Criminal Division) and to the U.S. Department of Treasury (Enforcement Division). He has served in a variety of capacities with the National Academy of Sciences, including membership on expert panels dealing with alcohol-abuse prevention, violence, school shootings, underage drinking, the deterrent effect of the death penalty, and proactive policing. He served as vice chair of the National Research Council’s Committee on Law and Justice.

Cook's primary focus at the moment is the economics of crime. He is co-director of the NBER Work Group on the Economics of Crime, and co-editor of a NBER volume on crime prevention. Much of his recent research has dealt with the private role in crime prevention. He also has several projects under way in the area of truancy prevention.

Over much of his career, one strand of Cook’s research concerns the prevention of alcohol-related problems through restrictions on alcohol availability. An early article was the first to demonstrate persuasively that alcohol taxes have a direct effect on the death rate of heavy drinkers, and subsequent research demonstrated the moderate efficacy of minimum-purchase-age laws in preventing fatal crashes. Together with Michael J. Moore, he focused on the effects of beer taxes on youthful drinking and the consequences thereof, finding that more restrictive policies result in lower rates of abuse, higher college graduation rates and lower crime rates. His book on the subject is Paying the Tab: The Costs and Benefits of Alcohol Control, (Princeton University Press, 2007; 2016 in paper).

A second strand has concerned the costs and consequences of the widespread availability of guns, and what might be done about it. His book (with Jens Ludwig), Gun Violence: The Real Costs (Oxford University Press, 2000), develops and applies a framework for assessing costs that is grounded in economic theory and is quite at odds with the traditional “Cost of Injury” framework. His new book with Kristin A. Goss, The Gun Debate (Oxford University Press 2014) is intended for a general audience seeking an objective assessment of the myriad relevant issues.  He is currently heading up a multi-city investigation of the underground gun market, one product of which is a symposium to be published by the RSF Journal in 2017.

Cook has also co-authored two other books: with Charles Clotfelter on state lotteries (Selling Hope: State Lotteries in America, Harvard University Press, 1989), and with Robert H. Frank on the causes and consequences of the growing inequality of earnings (The Winner-Take-All Society, The Free Press, 1995). The Winner-Take-All Society was named a “Notable Book of the Year, 1995” by the New York Times Book Review.  It has been translated into Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Polish, and Korean.


  • Ph.D., University of California - Berkeley 1973

Cook, Philip J., Susan T. Parker, and Harold A. Pollack. “Sources of guns to dangerous people: what we learn by asking them.Preventive Medicine 79 (October 2015): 28–36. Full Text

Cook, P. J., S. Kang, A. A. Braga, J. Ludwig, and M. E. O’Brien. “An Experimental Evaluation of a Comprehensive Employment-Oriented Prisoner Re-entry Program.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 31, no. 3 (September 24, 2015): 355–82. Full Text

Cook, P. J., R. J. Harris, J. Ludwig, and H. A. Pollack. “Some sources of crime guns in Chicago: Dirty dealers, straw purchasers, and traffickers.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 104, no. 4 (January 1, 2015): 717–60.

Frattaroli, Shannon, Keshia M. Pollack, Phillip J. Cook, Michele Salomon, Elise Omaki, and Andrea C. Gielen. “Public opinion concerning residential sprinkler systems for 1- and 2-family homes.Injury Epidemiology 2, no. 1 (January 2015): 27. Full Text

Krawiec, K., and P. Cook. “A Primer on Kidney Transplantation: Anatomy of the Shortage.” Law & Contemporary Problems 77, no. 3 (2014): 1–23.

Krawiec, K., and P. Cook. “Foreword: Organs and Inducements.” Law & Contemporary Problems 77 (2014): i–vii.

Cook, P. J. “The great american gun war: Notes from four decades in the trenches.” Crime and Justice 42, no. 1 (December 26, 2013): 19–73. Full Text

Frank, R. H., and P. J. Cook. “Winner-Take-All Markets.” Studies in Microeconomics 1, no. 2 (December 1, 2013): 131–54. Full Text

Cook, Philip J., and Christine Piette Durrance. “The virtuous tax: lifesaving and crime-prevention effects of the 1991 federal alcohol-tax increase.Journal of Health Economics 32, no. 1 (January 2013): 261–67. Full Text

Bushway, S., P. J. Cook, and M. Phillips. “The Overall Effect of the Business Cycle on Crime.” German Economic Review 13, no. 4 (November 1, 2012): 436–46. Full Text


Cook, P. J., and G. Tauchen. “The Effect of Minimum Drinking Age Legislation on Youthful Auto Fatalities, 1970-77.” In The Economics of Health Behaviours, edited by J. H. Cawley and D. S. Kenkel. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2008.

Cook, P. J., and M. J. Moore. “Drinking and Schooling.” In The Economics of Health Behaviours, edited by J. H. Cawley and D. S. Kenkel. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2008.

Cook, P. J., A. Parnell, M. J. Moore, and D. Pagnini. “The Effects of Short-term Variation in Abortion Funding on Pregnancy Outcomes.” In The Economics of Health Behaviours, edited by J. H. Cawley and D. S. Kenkel. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2008.

Cook, P. J., and R. H. Frank. “The Winner-take-all Society Why the Few at the Top Get So Much More Than the Rest of Us.” In The International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by W. Darity. Gale, 2007.

Cook, P. J. “Acting White.” In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by W. Darity. Gale, 2007.

Cook, P. J., and R. Hutchinson. “Smoke Signals Adolescent Smoking and School Continuation.” In The Evolution of Consumption: Theories and Practices, edited by M. Bianchi, 10:157–88, 2007.

Cook, P. J., and J. Ludwing. “The Effects of the Brady Act on Gun Violence.” In Economics of the Criminal Law, edited by S. D. Levitt and T. J. Miles. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007.

Cook, P. J. “Use and Control of Firearms.” In Encyclopedia of Law & Society. Sage Publications, Inc., 2007.

Cook, P. J. “The Correctional Carrot: The Prospect of Reducing Recidivism through Improved Job Opportunities.” In The Economics of Crime, edited by I. Ehrlich and Z. Liu. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., 2006.