Philip J. Cook

Philip J. Cook

Professor Emeritus of Economics

External Address: 
218 Rubenstein Hall, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7360

Philip J. Cook is ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics and Sociology at Duke University. He served as director and chair of Duke’s Sanford Institute of Public Policy from 1985-89, and again from 1997-99. Cook is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and an honorary Fellow in the American Society of Criminology. In 2001 he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Cook joined the Duke faculty in 1973 after earning his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. He has served as consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (Criminal Division) and to the U.S. Department of Treasury (Enforcement Division). He has served in a variety of capacities with the National Academy of Sciences, including membership on expert panels dealing with alcohol-abuse prevention, violence, school shootings, underage drinking, the deterrent effect of the death penalty, and proactive policing. He served as vice chair of the National Research Council’s Committee on Law and Justice.

Cook's primary focus at the moment is the economics of crime. He is co-director of the NBER Work Group on the Economics of Crime, and co-editor of a NBER volume on crime prevention. Much of his recent research has dealt with the private role in crime prevention. He also has several projects under way in the area of truancy prevention.

Over much of his career, one strand of Cook’s research concerns the prevention of alcohol-related problems through restrictions on alcohol availability. An early article was the first to demonstrate persuasively that alcohol taxes have a direct effect on the death rate of heavy drinkers, and subsequent research demonstrated the moderate efficacy of minimum-purchase-age laws in preventing fatal crashes. Together with Michael J. Moore, he focused on the effects of beer taxes on youthful drinking and the consequences thereof, finding that more restrictive policies result in lower rates of abuse, higher college graduation rates and lower crime rates. His book on the subject is Paying the Tab: The Costs and Benefits of Alcohol Control, (Princeton University Press, 2007; 2016 in paper).

A second strand has concerned the costs and consequences of the widespread availability of guns, and what might be done about it. His book (with Jens Ludwig), Gun Violence: The Real Costs (Oxford University Press, 2000), develops and applies a framework for assessing costs that is grounded in economic theory and is quite at odds with the traditional “Cost of Injury” framework. His new book with Kristin A. Goss, The Gun Debate (Oxford University Press 2014) is intended for a general audience seeking an objective assessment of the myriad relevant issues.  He is currently heading up a multi-city investigation of the underground gun market, one product of which is a symposium to be published by the RSF Journal in 2017.

Cook has also co-authored two other books: with Charles Clotfelter on state lotteries (Selling Hope: State Lotteries in America, Harvard University Press, 1989), and with Robert H. Frank on the causes and consequences of the growing inequality of earnings (The Winner-Take-All Society, The Free Press, 1995). The Winner-Take-All Society was named a “Notable Book of the Year, 1995” by the New York Times Book Review.  It has been translated into Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Polish, and Korean.


  • Ph.D., University of California - Berkeley 1973

Cook, P. J., J. Ostermann, and F. A. Sloan. “The net effect of an alcohol tax increase on death rates in middle age.” American Economic Review 95, no. 2 (2005): 278–81. Full Text

Cook, P. J., and J. Ludwig. “Public policy perspectives: Principles for effective gun policy.” Fordham Law Review 73, no. 2 (November 1, 2004): 589–614.

Cook, P. J., and J. Ludwig. “Principles for effective gun policy.” Fordham Law Review 73, no. 2 (November 1, 2004): 589–613.

Cook, Philip J. “Youths' involvement with guns: motivation vs availability.Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 158, no. 7 (July 2004): 705. Full Text

Azrael, D., P. J. Cook, and M. Miller. “State and local prevalence of firearms ownership measurement, structure, and trends.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 20, no. 1 (March 1, 2004): 43–62. Full Text

Cook, P. J., and J. Ludwig. “Does gun prevalence affect teen gun carrying after all?Criminology 42, no. 1 (January 1, 2004): 27–54. Full Text

Cook, Philip J. “Can gun control work&quest.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23, no. 1 (2004): 198–201.

Cook, Philip J. “Can gun control work?Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23, no. 1 (2004): 198–201. Full Text


Cook, P. J. “The Implications of Deterrence and Incapacitation Research for Policy Evaluation.” In An Anatomy of Criminal Justice, edited by C. Foust and R. Webster, 55–77. Lexington: D.C. Health, 1980.

Cook, P. J. “Research in criminal deterrence laying the groundwork for the second decade.” In Crime and Justice:  An Annual Review of Research, edited by N. Morris and M. Tonry, 2:211–68. Chicago: Univesity of Chicago Press, 1980.

Cook, P. J. “The Effect of Gun Availability on Robbery and Robbery Murder A Cross-section Study of 50 Cities.” In Policy Studies Review Annual, 3:743–81. Sage Publications, 1979.

Cook, P. J. “A Strategic Choice Analysis of Robbery.” In Sample Surveys of the Victims of Crimes, edited by W. Skogan, 173–87. Ballinger, 1976.

Cook, P. J., and J. Ludwig. “The Burden of 'Acting White:' Do Black Adolescents Disparage Academic Achievement?” In Minority Status, Oppositional Culture and Academic Engagement, edited by J. U. Ogbu. New York: RoutledgeFarmer, n.d.

Cook, P. J. “Robbery Violence.” In Gun Violence, edited by R. Hornsby and R. Hobbs. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., n.d.