Randall Kramer

Randall Kramer

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
9 Circuit Drive, 4115 Environment Hall, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0328
(919) 613-8072

Randall Kramer is the Juli Plant Grainger Professor of Global Environmental Health in the Nicholas School of the Environment and deputy director of the Duke Global Health Institute. 

Before coming to Duke in 1988, he was on the faculty at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has held visiting positions at IUCN--The World Conservation Union, the Economic Growth Center at Yale University, and the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. He has served as a consultant to the World Bank, World Health Organization and other international organizations. He was named Duke University's Scholar Teacher of the Year in 2004.

Kramer's research is focused on the economics of ecosystem services and on global environmental health. He is currently conducting a study on the effects of human land use decisions on biodiversity, infectious disease transmission and human health in rural Madagascar. Recent research projects have used decision analysis and implementation science to evaluate the health, social and environmental impacts of alternative malaria control strategies in East Africa. He has also conducted research on health systems strengthening, economic valuation of lives saved from air pollution reduction. and the role of ecosystems services in protecting human health.


  • Ph.D., University of California at Davis 1980
  • M.E., North Carolina State University 1976
  • A.B., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1975

Khandekar, E, Kramer, R, Ali, AS, Al-Mafazy, A-W, Egger, JR, LeGrand, S, Mkali, HR, McKay, M, and Ngondi, JM. "Evaluating Response Time in Zanzibar's Malaria Elimination Case-Based Surveillance-Response System." The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 100, no. 2 (February 2019): 256-263. Full Text

Cole, JC, McDonald, JB, Wen, X, and Kramer, RA. "Marketing energy efficiency: perceived benefits and barriers to home energy efficiency." Energy Efficiency 11, no. 7 (October 1, 2018): 1811-1824. Full Text

Bartlett, JA, Cao, S, Mmbaga, B, Qian, X, Merson, M, and Kramer, R. "Partnership Conference." Annals of Global Health (October 27, 2017). Full Text

Simmons, RA, Mboera, L, Miranda, ML, Morris, A, Stresman, G, Turner, EL, Kramer, R, Drakeley, C, and O'Meara, WP. "A longitudinal cohort study of malaria exposure and changing serostatus in a malaria endemic area of rural Tanzania." Malaria Journal 16, no. 1 (August 2, 2017): 309-null. Full Text

Pattanayak, SK, Kramer, RA, and Vincent, JR. "Ecosystem change and human health: implementation economics and policy." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 372, no. 1722 (June 2017). Full Text

Miteva, DA, Kramer, RA, Brown, ZS, and Smith, MD. "Spatial patterns of market participation and resource extraction: Fuelwood collection in Northern Uganda." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 99, no. 4 (January 1, 2017): 1008-1026. Full Text

Rahman, R, Lesser, A, Mboera, L, and Kramer, R. "Cost of microbial larviciding for malaria control in rural Tanzania." Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH 21, no. 11 (November 2016): 1468-1475. Full Text

McDonald, SL, Lewison, RL, Roady, SE, Kramer, RA, Rigling-Gallagher, D, and Read, AJ. "Comparing stakeholder perceptions with empirical outcomes from negotiated rulemaking policies: Is participant satisfaction a proxy for policy success?." Marine Policy 73 (November 2016): 224-230. Full Text

Brown, ZS, Kramer, RA, Ocan, D, and Oryema, C. "Household perceptions and subjective valuations of indoor residual spraying programmes to control malaria in northern Uganda." Infectious Diseases of Poverty 5, no. 1 (October 6, 2016): 100-113.


Malaria Control and Elimination Program in the People's Republic of China. Edited by XN Zhou, R Kramer, and WZ Yang. Elsevier, December 2, 2014. Full Text

Xia, ZG, Zhang, L, Feng, J, Li, M, Feng, XY, Tang, LH, Wang, SQ, Yang, HL, Gao, Q, Kramer, R, Ernest, T, Yap, P, and Zhou, XN. "Feasibility and Roadmap Analysis for Malaria Elimination in China." In Malaria Control and Elimination Program in the People's Republic of China,edited by XN Zhou, R Kramer, and WZ Yang, 1-360. Elsevier, December 2, 2014. (Chapter) Full Text

Kramer, R, Xia, ZG, Zhang, L, Feng, J, Li, M, Feng, XY, Tang, LH, Wang, SQ, Yang, HL, Gao, Q, Kramer, R, Ernest, T, Yap, P, and Zhou, XN. "Lessons from Malaria Control to Elimination: Case Study in Hainan and Yunnan Provinces." In Malaria Control and Elimination Program in the People's Republic of China,edited by XN Zhou, R Kramer, and WZ Yang, 1-360. Elsevier, December 2, 2014. (Chapter) Full Text

Kramer, R, Jenkins, A, and Lesser, A. "The role of ecosystem service payments in achieving conservation goals: Attitudes among farm operators." In Valuing Ecosystem Services: Methodological Issues and Case Studies, 395-411. August 29, 2014. Full Text

"National parks as conservation and development projects: Gauging local support." In Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges, 113-132. January 1, 2012. Full Text

Kramer, RA. "Forests and biodiversity: An alternative view." In Latin American Development Priorities, 227-234. January 1, 2010. Full Text

Kramer, R, Holmes, TP, and Haefele, M. "Using Contingent Valuation to Estimate the Value of Forest Ecosystem Protection." In Forests in a Market Economy,edited by EO Sills and KL Abt. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, July 31, 2003. Open Access Copy

Kramer, R, Langholz, J, and Salafsky, N. "The Role of the Private Sector in Protected Area Establishment and Management." In Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Nature,edited by J Terborgh, C van Schaik, L Davenport, and M Rao, 335-351. Island Press, March 1, 2002. Open Access Copy

Biscoe, ML, Mutero, CM, and Kramer, RA. "DDT USE FOR MALARIA CONTROL IN EAST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA: PERSPECTIVES, POLITICS, AND POLICY.": Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), September 2005. Full Text



Kramer, R, Simanjuntak, and S., . "Human Migration and Resource use in Sulawesi Fishing Communities." 9th International Coral Reef Symposium. Bali, Indonesia. October 23, 2000 - October 27, 2000. Open Access Copy

Biscoe, Melanie L., , Mutero, Clifford M., , and Kramer, R. Current Policy and Status of DDT Use for Malaria Control in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and South Africa. International Water Management Institute, 2005. Open Access Copy

Selected Grants

One Health Innovation Fellowships for Zoonotic Disease Research in Mongolia awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2013 to 2019

Duke University Program in Environmental Health awarded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (Mentor). 2013 to 2019

Implementation Science to Optimize Malaria Vector Control and Disease Management awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2015

Developing an Interdisciplinary Graduate Curriculum in Global Health awarded by National Institutes of Health (Course Faculty). 2008 to 2012

Eisenhower Graduate Fellowship - Career in Transportation awarded by Department of Transportation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2010

Doctoral Dissertation Research:"Estimating the Costs of an Epidemiological Externality: Malaria Control in Uganda" awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2010

Biodiversity Conservation, Food Production and Poverty Alleviation in Post-conflict Uganda: Developing a Policy Relevant awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2010