William A. Darity

William A. Darity

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the new edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent books are Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson) and a volume co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande titled Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) both published by Routledge. He has published or edited 12 books and published more than 210 articles in professional journals.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Bentley-Edwards, Keisha L., Loneke T. Blackman Carr, Paul A. Robbins, Eugenia Conde, Khaing Zaw, and William A. Darity. “Investigating Denominational and Church Attendance Differences in Obesity and Diabetes in Black Christian Men and Women..” J Relig Health, July 29, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00888-6. Full Text

McMillian, M. M., S. Fuller, Z. Hill, K. Duch, and W. A. Darity. “Can Class-Based Substitute for Race-Based Student Assignment Plans? Evidence From Wake County, North Carolina.” Urban Education 53, no. 7 (September 1, 2018): 843–74. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042085915613554. Full Text

De La Cruz-Viesca, M., P. M. Ong, A. Coman-Don, W. A. Darity, and D. Hamilton. “Fifty years after the Kerner Commission report: Place, housing, and racial wealth inequality in Los Angeles.” Rsf 4, no. 6 (September 1, 2018): 160–84. https://doi.org/10.7758/rsf.2018.4.6.08. Full Text

Bentley-Edwards, K. L., M. C. Edwards, C. N. Spence, W. A. Darity, D. Hamilton, and J. Perez. “How does it feel to be a problem? The missing Kerner commission report.” Rsf 4, no. 6 (September 1, 2018): 20–40. https://doi.org/10.7758/rsf.2018.4.6.02. Full Text

Craigie, Terry-Ann, Samuel L. Myers, and William A. Darity. “Racial Differences in the Effect of Marriageable Males on Female Family Headship..” Journal of Demographic Economics 84, no. 3 (September 2018): 231–56. https://doi.org/10.1017/dem.2018.3. Full Text

Diette, T. M., A. H. Goldsmith, D. Hamilton, and W. Darity. “Adult happiness and prior traumatic victimization in and out of the household.” Review of Economics of the Household 16, no. 2 (June 1, 2018): 275–95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-016-9334-0. Full Text

Broady, K. E., C. L. Todd, and W. A. Darity. “Passing and the Costs and Benefits of Appropriating Blackness.” Review of Black Political Economy 45, no. 2 (June 1, 2018): 104–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0034644618789182. Full Text

Darity, W., and D. Hamilton. “The Federal Job Guarantee.” Intereconomics 53, no. 3 (May 1, 2018): 179–80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10272-018-0744-5. Full Text

Paul, M., W. Darity, D. Hamilton, and K. Zaw. “A path to ending poverty by way of ending unemployment: A federal job guarantee.” Rsf 4, no. 3 (February 1, 2018): 44–63. https://doi.org/10.7758/rsf.2018.4.3.03. Full Text

Akee, R., S. K. Stockly, W. Darity, D. Hamilton, and P. Ong. “The role of race, ethnicity and tribal enrolment on asset accumulation: an examination of American Indian tribal nations.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 40, no. 11 (September 2, 2017): 1939–60. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2016.1216141. Full Text


Goldsmith, A. H., W. Darity, and J. R. Veum. “Race, cognitive skills, psychological capital and wages.” In Leading Issues in Black Political Economy, 173–86, 2018.

Darity, W. A., D. Hamilton, P. L. Mason, G. N. Price, A. Dávila, M. T. Mora, and S. K. Stockly. “Stratification economics: A general theory of intergroup inequality.” In The Hidden Rules of Race: Barriers to an Inclusive Economy, 35–51, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108277846.003. Full Text

Sharpe, R. V., S. Stokes, and W. A. Darity. “Who attends for-profit institutions?: The enrollment landscape.” In For-Profit Universities: The Shifting Landscape of Marketized Higher Education, 119–57, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47187-7_7. Full Text

Darity, W. “The simple analytics of aggregate demand price and aggregate supply price analysis.” In Inflation and Income Distribution in Capitalist Crisis: Essays in Memory of Sidney Weintraub, 9–24, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-08833-1. Full Text

Carter, T. A., T. L. Shields, and W. Darity. “Introduction,” 3–22, 2015.

Darity, W. “Eric Williams and color: Stratification in the Caribbean.” In The Legacy of Eric Williams: Into the Postcolonial Moment, 109–25, 2015.

Hamilton, D., and W. A. Darity. “Crowded out? The racial composition of American occupations.” In Researching Black Communities: A Methodological Guide, 9780472026180:60–78, 2012.

Hamilton, D., and W. A. Darity. “Crowded out? The racial composition of American occupations.” In Project Muse 4, 9780472026180:60–78. DUMMY PUBID, 2012.

Myers, S. L., W. A. Darity, and K. Marsh. “The effects of housing market discrimination on earnings inequality.” In The Integration Debate: Competing Futures for American Cities, 119–29, 2009. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203890462. Full Text

Darity, W. A., and A. Jolla. “Desegregated schools with segregated education.” In The Integration Debate: Competing Futures for American Cities, 99–117, 2009. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203890462. Full Text


Darity, W. A. “Disposal of an old orthodoxy reading Eric Williams' dissertation.” In Review (United States), 35:169–75, 2012.

Selected Grants

Religion, Spirituality and CVD Risks: A Focus on African Americans awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2022

Broadening Participation in STEM Faculty: A Program to Support the Diversity Initiative for Tenure in Economics (DITE) awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2019 to 2021

We Are: Working to Extend Anti-Racism Education awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Evaluating Proposals for a Federal Job Guarantee awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2019

Faculty Diversity in Economics 2 awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2019

AFN Brief: Women and Business Ownership awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

Collaborative Research: Identity, Stereotypes and Black College Student Success awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2018

A New Research Program on Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Self-Employment awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018