William A. Darity

William A. Darity

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the new edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent books are Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson) and a volume co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande titled Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) both published by Routledge. He has published or edited 12 books and published more than 210 articles in professional journals.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Hamilton, D., and W. A. Darity. “The political economy of education, financial literacy, and the racial wealth gap.” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 99, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 59–76. https://doi.org/10.20955/r.2017.59-76. Full Text

Boshara, Ray, and William A. Darity. “Keynote Conversation.” Review 99, no. 1 (2017): 103–20. https://doi.org/10.20955/r.2017.103-120. Full Text

Zhang, L., R. V. Sharpe, S. Li, and W. A. Darity. “Wage differentials between urban and rural-urban migrant workers in China.” China Economic Review 41 (December 1, 2016): 222–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chieco.2016.10.004. Full Text

Cobb, Ryon J., Courtney S. Thomas, Whitney N. Laster Pirtle, and William A. Darity. “Self-identified race, socially assigned skin tone, and adult physiological dysregulation: Assessing multiple dimensions of "race" in health disparities research..” Ssm  Population Health 2 (December 2016): 595–602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.06.007. Full Text

Ramraj, Chantel, Faraz Vahid Shahidi, William Darity, Ichiro Kawachi, Daniyal Zuberi, and Arjumand Siddiqi. “Equally inequitable? A cross-national comparative study of racial health inequalities in the United States and Canada..” Social Science & Medicine (1982) 161 (July 2016): 19–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.05.028. Full Text

Utley, T. J., and W. Darity. “India’s Color Complex: One Day’s Worth of Matrimonials.” Review of Black Political Economy 43, no. 2 (June 1, 2016): 129–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12114-016-9233-x. Full Text

Meschede, T., D. Hamilton, A. P. Muñoz, R. Jackson, and W. Darity. “Inequality in the “Cradle of Liberty”: Race/Ethnicity and Wealth in Greater Boston.” Race and Social Problems 8, no. 1 (March 1, 2016): 18–28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12552-016-9166-9. Full Text

Zaw, K., D. Hamilton, and W. Darity. “Race, Wealth and Incarceration: Results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.” Race and Social Problems 8, no. 1 (March 1, 2016): 103–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12552-016-9164-y. Full Text

Diette, T. M., A. H. Goldsmith, D. Hamilton, and W. Darity. “Skin Shade Stratification and the Psychological Cost of Unemployment: Is there a Gradient for Black Females?.” Review of Black Political Economy 42, no. 1–2 (June 1, 2015): 155–77. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12114-014-9192-z. Full Text

Darity, W. A., D. Hamilton, and J. B. Stewart. “A Tour de Force in Understanding Intergroup Inequality: An Introduction to Stratification Economics.” Review of Black Political Economy 42, no. 1–2 (June 1, 2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12114-014-9201-2. Full Text


Darity, W. A., and P. L. Mason. “Evidence on discrimination in employment: Codes of color, codes of gender.” In The African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present, 156–86, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781403979162. Full Text


Selected Grants

Stratification Economics and a Gendered Analysis Around Closing the Wealth Gap awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

National Asset Scorecard for Communities of Color, Phase V awarded by Ford Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

The Research Institute for Scholars of Equity (RISE) awarded by North Carolina Central University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

DC Convening awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

National Asset Scorecard for Communities of Color, Phase IV awarded by Ford Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016

NASCC in Baltimore awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016

Wealth Inequality in America at the City and National Origin Levels awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016