William A. Darity

William A. Darity

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the new edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent books are Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson) and a volume co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande titled Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) both published by Routledge. He has published or edited 12 books and published more than 210 articles in professional journals.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Darity, William. “Forty Acres and a Mule in the 21st Century.” Social Science Quarterly 89, no. 3 (September 2008): 656–64. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6237.2008.00555.x. Full Text

Golash Boza, T., and W. A. Darity Jr. “Latino Racial Choices.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 31, no. 5 (September 2008): 899–934.

Hamilton, Darrick, Arthur H. Goldsmith, and William Darity. “Measuring the Wage Costs of Limited English.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 30, no. 3 (August 2008): 257–79. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739986308320470. Full Text

Coleman, Major G., William A. Darity Jr., and Rhonda V. Sharpe. “Are Reports of Discrimination Valid? Considering the Moral Hazard Effect.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 67, no. 2 (April 2008): 149–75. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1536-7150.2008.00566.x. Full Text

Price, Gregory N., William A. Darity, and Alvin E. Headen. “Does the stigma of slavery explain the maltreatment of blacks by whites?: The case of lynchings.” The Journal of Socio Economics 37, no. 1 (February 2008): 167–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2007.06.001. Full Text

Goldsmith, A. H., D. Hamilton, and W. A. Darity Jr. “From Dark to Light: Skin Color and Wages Among African Americans.” Journal of Human Resources, October 2007.

Marsh, K., W. A. Darity, P. N. Cohen, L. M. Casper, and D. Salters. “The emerging black middle class: Single and living alone.” Social Forces 86, no. 2 (January 1, 2007): 735–62. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/86.2.735. Full Text

Marsh, K., W. A. D. Jr, P. N. Cohen, L. M. Casper, and D. Salters. “The emerging black middle class: Single and living alone.” Social Forces 86, no. 2 (2007): 735–62.

Goldsmith, A., D. Hamilton, and W. A. Darity Jr. “Does A Foot-in-the-Door Matter? White-Nonwhite Differences in Wage Returns to Tenure and Prior Workplace Experience.” Southern Economic Journal 73, no. 2 (October 2006): 285–305.