William A. Darity

William A. Darity

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina. at Chapel Hill.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation (2015-2016), a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor, Politico 50 recognition in 2017, and an award from Global Policy Solutions in 2017. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the 2006 edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent book, coauthored with A. Kirsten Mullen, is From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century (2020). Previous books include For-Profit Universities: The Shifting Landscape of Marketized Education (2010) (co-edited Tressie McMillan Cottom), Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson), and Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) (co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande).He has published or edited 13 books and published more than300 articles in professional outlets.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays blues harmonica, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Goldsmith, A. H., J. R. Veum, and W. A. Darity Jr. “Motivation and labor market outcomes.” Research in Labor Economics 19 (2000): 109–46.

Nembhard, J. G., and W. A. Darity Jr. “Cross-national comparisons of racial and ethnic economic inequality: Racial and ethnic economic inequality: The international record.” American Economic Review 90, no. 2 (2000): 308–11.

Goldsmith, Arthur H., Jonahtan R. Veum, and W. A. Darity Jr. “"Working Hard for the Money? Efficiency Wages and Worker Effort".” Journal of Economic Psychology 21 (2000): 351–85.

Darity Jr, W. A., and Warren Young. “"Reply to Ahiakpor".” History of Political Economy 32, no. 4 (2000): 915–18.

Darity Jr, W. A. “"Who Loses From Unemployment".” Journal of Economic Issues 33, no. 2 (June 1999): 491–96.

Ards, Sheila D., William A. Darity, and Samuel L. Myers. “"If It Shall Seem Just and Proper": the Effect of Race and Morals On Alimony and Child Support Appeals in the District of Columbia, 1950-1980.” Journal of Family History 23, no. 4 (October 1998): 441–75. https://doi.org/10.1177/036319909802300406. Full Text

Darity, William A., and Patrick L. Mason. “Evidence on Discrimination in Employment: Codes of Color, Codes of Gender.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 12, no. 2 (May 1, 1998): 63–90. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.12.2.63. Full Text

Gibson, Karen J., William A. Darity, and Samuel L. Myers. “Revisiting Occupational Crowding in the United States: A Preliminary Study.” Feminist Economics 4, no. 3 (January 1, 1998): 73–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/135457098338310. Full Text

Goldsmith, A. H., J. R. Veum, and W. A. Darity Jr. “Race, cognitive skills, psychological capital and wages.” Review of Black Political Economy 26, no. 2 (1998): 18–21.

Jr, S. L. M., and C. Chung. “Racial earnings disparities and family structure.” Southern Economic Journal 65, no. 1 (1998): 20–41.