William A. Darity

William A. Darity

Professor of Economics

External Address: 
238 Sanford Inst Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90245, Durham, NC 27708-0245
(919) 613-7336

William A. (“Sandy”) Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics and the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. He has served as chair of the Department of African and African American Studies and was the founding director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke. Previously he served as director of the Institute of African American Research, director of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program in economics, and director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Carolina.

Darity’s research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity, stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap, North-South theories of trade and development, skin shade and labor market outcomes, the economics of reparations, the Atlantic slave trade and the Industrial Revolution, the history of economics, and the social psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.

He was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2011-2012) at Stanford, a fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors (1984). He received the Samuel Z. Westerfield Award in 2012 from the National Economic Association, the organization's highest honor. He is a past president of the National Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association. He also has taught at Grinnell College, the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Texas at Austin, Simmons College and Claremont-McKenna College.

He has served as Editor in Chief of the latest edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, (Macmillan Reference, 2008) and as an Associate Editor of the new edition of the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism (2013).

His most recent books are Economics, Economists, and Expectations: Microfoundations to Macroapplications (2004) (co-authored with Warren Young and Robert Leeson) and a volume co-edited with Ashwini Deshpande titled Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transnational Comparisons of Inter-Group Disparity (2003) both published by Routledge. He has published or edited 12 books and published more than 210 articles in professional journals.

Darity lives with his family in Durham, N.C. where he plays harmonica in a local blues band, occasionally coaches youth sports, and especially enjoys reading science fiction and speculative fiction. (On leave, 2015-2016)


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1978
  • B.A., Brown University 1974

Darity, W. “Afro-Mexicano symposium: An introduction.” Review of Black Political Economy 33, no. 1 (January 1, 2005): 47–48.

Darity, W. “Growth, trade and uneven development.” Cambridge Journal of Economics 29, no. 1 (January 1, 2005): 141–70. https://doi.org/10.1093/cje/bei003. Full Text

Darity, W. “Interrogating unstable boundaries: An introduction.” Review of Black Political Economy 33, no. 2 (January 1, 2005): 69–72.

Young, W., R. Leeson, and W. Darity. “Economics, economists and expectations: From microfoundations to macroapplications.” Economics, Economists and Expectations: From Microfoundations to Macroapplications, March 4, 2004, 1–160. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203357934. Full Text

Goldsmith, Arthur H., Stanley Sedo, William Darity, and Darrick Hamilton. “The labor supply consequences of perceptions of employer discrimination during search and on-the-job: Integrating neoclassical theory and cognitive dissonance.” Journal of Economic Psychology 25, no. 1 (February 2004): 15–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-4870(02)00210-6. Full Text

Young, W., and W. A. Darity. “IS-LM-BP: An Inquest.” History of Political Economy 36, no. Suppl 1 (January 1, 2004): 127–64. https://doi.org/10.1215/00182702-36-Suppl_1-127. Full Text

Darity, W. A. “Racial and ethnic economic inequality: A cross-national perspective.” Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy, 2004, 83–95.

Mason, P. L., and W. A. Darity. “Racial discrimination in the labor market.” Race, Liberalism, and Economics, 2004, 182–204.

Darity, W. A. “The wellspring of racial inequality.” Review of Black Political Economy 32, no. 2 (2004): 61–68.

Darity, Jr, William. “Will the Poor Always be with Us?.” Review of Social Economy 61, no. 4 (December 2003): 471–77. https://doi.org/10.1080/0034676032000160930. Full Text