B.A. in Economics

New B.A. requirements coming Fall 2022

The requirements for the B. A. degree are currently identical to those of the B. S. degree, with the exception that students must also take at least one of the history of economics classes listed below.


Requirements: 14-15 Courses

Math Requirement

Completion of a higher-level math course (MATH 212 or higher) demonstrates proficiency in lower-level math courses; therefore, lower-level requirements may be waived for students who have successfully completed higher-level math courses.

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I AND MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus Functions II
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II with Applications
  • MATH 202 Multivariable Calculus for Economics OR MATH 212 Multivariable Calculus OR MATH 219 Intermediate Calculus OR MATH 222 Advanced Multivariable Calculus OR any higher-level math course with MATH 212 as prerequisite.

Statistics Requirement

See FAQs for New Econometrics Sequence for requirement based on year of matriculation

Core Economics Courses

  • ECON 101D1 Economics Principles 
  • Econometrics (see FAQs for more information about this new sequence)
    • ECON 104D2 Statistical Foundations of Econometrics and Data Science
    • ECON 204D Econometrics Data Science (must be taken before senior year)
  • Microeconomics
    • ECON 201D Intermediate Microeconomics I 
    • ECON 205D3 Intermediate Microeconomics II
  • Macroeconomics
    • ECON 210D Intermediate Macroeconomics

History of Economics Course

Choose ONE of the following:

  • ECON 222D American Business History
  • ECON 302 Introduction to Economic History
  • ECON 303A Political Philosophy of Globalization
  • ECON 304 The International Economy, 1850-Present: From Globalization to Globalization
  • ECON 311 History of Economic Thought
  • ECON 312 Adam Smith & the System of Natural Liberty
  • ECON 313 Use of Economics
  • ECON 314 History of Modern Macroeconomics from Keynes to the Present
  • ECON 316 History of Modern Economics
  • ECON 318S Economic Science Studies
  • ECON 319 Philosophy & Methodology of Economics
  • ECON 322SA Economics of Creative Goods
  • ECON 344 History of Art Markets

Upper-Level Economics Electives

  • One course at ECON 300-level
  • One course at ECON 400-level 
  • Two courses at ECON 300-level or higher (ECON 500-549 may only be counted toward the major with approval from the director of undergraduate studies)

Students interested in a particular area of economics may want to explore elective course groupings in the following general areas:

General Restrictions
  • A maximum of two economics transfer credits will be accepted toward the major. This applied to courses taken in the United States and to study abroad courses. One exception if the London School of Economics full-year (fall and spring) program, from which a maximum of four courses may be counted toward the major.
    • Effective for courses taken after the Spring 2018 semester, we will no longer accept transfer credits for the following courses: ECON 205, ECON 208, and ECON 210. Courses that are part of “Duke In …” programs count as Duke courses and not transfer courses (please note that a few “Duke In …” programs are hybrids in which some courses count as Duke courses but students may also take transfer courses at the foreign institution). Also, inter-institutional courses are not considered transfer courses, nor are pre-matriculation credits. If you have questions about whether a course taken away from Duke would be considered a transfer course, please consult the director of undergraduate studies or associate director of undergraduate studies before taking the course.
  • DukeHub enforces prerequisites for many Economics courses.
  • 1 Students with credit for both AP Macro and AP Micro (4 or higher) may receive credit for ECON 101. To receive credit for ECON 101 using an international standardized exam, please visit the Trinity College policy for qualifying scores.
  • 2 Stat 432/MAT 343 may be substituted for Econ 104.
  • 3 Prerequisites are enforced for ECON 205D. They include ECON 201, and either MATH 202 or MATH 212 or MATH 222.